Iraqi Bulletin of Geology and Mining (IBGM)

Instructions for Authors

The Iraqi Bulletin of Geology and Mining (IBGM) is the official journal of the Iraq Geological Survey (GEOSURV), Baghdad, Iraq. It is an open-access journal without APC and accepts scientific research articles, scientific notes, and replies in all fields of Earth sciences, mineral exploitation, mining, and mineral processing.

Before submitting the article, the authors must be aware of publication ethics, research ethics, copyright, authorship, figure formats, data, and reference format. These issues must be appropriately considered, and all authors have approved the content of the submitted manuscript.

The full content of IBGM Journal articles is open-access and is available via the website link (

General guidelines

Editors and reviewers may provide feedback and suggestions in the form of comments and questions to authors to ensure that they perform the best possible standards for scientific publishing, which is required for improving the level of scientific articles and should not understood as personal criticism.

Manuscripts presented for publication should be submitted online via Journal Link (

Microsoft Word is the preferred format for manuscripts, and if it’s not pursued to the following requirements will be returned to the author for marked corrections.

The authors should declare that the paper sent is an original and that none of its parts have been published before or are being considered for publication in any other journal.

Manuscript Preparation

Formal Style and Text Formatting

The header and footer that existed in the IBGM template should be used. The manuscripts should be written in the standard English Language. The text should be in a single column without line spacing (including references). The type of justify is “Justify Low”. The text and tables should be saved in docx format (Word 2007 or higher). Paper size should be (A4) with upper, lower, and side margins of 1.5, 3, and 2.5 cm, respectively. Times New Roman font should be used for the manuscript. The size of the text is "12 points". To emphasize terms, Italics should be used. Automatic page numbering should be used for the number of pages. Math function, MathType, or Microsoft Equation Editor should be used to create equations. Abbreviations should be defined when first mentioned in the text and used consistently thereafter.

Structure of the manuscript

The manuscript is expected to be structured as follows: Title, author(s) name(s) and affiliation(s), corresponding author(s) information, Keywords, Abstract, Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgments (if any), and References.


The title should be concise, expressive, and informative, with no abbreviations. The title should be in uppercase characters for each word, written in the middle of the first page—title in English. A font size of "14 points, Bold" is required.

Authors and affiliations

Author(s) name(s) should be written with the size of "12 points, Bold"  in English (mandatory), directly below the title with 12-point spacing. First and family names of each author; the middle name is optional. Affiliations, contact details, and email addresses should be added with a size of 9 points. The name of the corresponding author should be below the Author(s) name(s).


An expressive, factual, informative, and concise abstract is required. A single paragraph no more than 300 words maximum. The abstract should state briefly the main objective(s) of the research or main points of the manuscript, the materials used, the main findings of the work, and major conclusions. The abstract should be an objective representation of the article, it must not contain results that are not presented and substantiated in the main text and should not exaggerate the main conclusions. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations, but if essential, then they should be defined when first mentioned. References should not be included in the abstract—the abstract in English (mandatory). The font size is 12 points. The abstract is without numbering.


The keywords should be written after the abstract, leaving one space of 12 points. The mentioned keywords will be used for indexing purposes. List three to six pertinent keywords. The keywords should not be repeated from the title, should be related to the concerned subject, and should be arranged in alphabetical order, separated by semicolons. Only the first word of the keyword should be uppercase. A font size of "10 points" is required for keywords.

1. Introduction

The introduction explains the objectives of the work, gives a short review of scientific literature, provides an adequate background, and mentions the location of the area under study and the aim of the research. References should be cited using American Psychological Association (APA) Citation 7th Edition (e.g., (Othman & Gloaguen, 2017)). See the end of the document for further details on references. The author(s) should start the first section with the numbering of “1.”.

Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter. Abbreviations should not be used only once unless it seems necessary for clarity.

2. Materials and methods

Materials and methods provide sufficient information about the study area or research project, and any existing theory or experimental work methods should also be mentioned and described.

3. Results

This section may be divided into subheadings. This section describes the outcomes of the research study; the results should be presented clearly and concisely.

3.1. Subsection

A subsection of the results

3.1.1. Subsubsection

Subsubsection of the results

3.2. Figures, Tables, and Schemes

All figures and tables should be cited in the main text as Figure 1, Table 1, etc., using Arabic numerals and should be cited in the text in numerical order (e.g., (Table 1), (Table 2), (Figure 1), (Figure 2), etc.). When the speech talks about the tables and figures in the text, the style of writing the tables and figures should be as follows (Table (1),  Figure (2), ), etc.). For example (Table (3) shows …..).

The figures and tables should be ended with a dot (.). The number and title of the table should be placed on the top. Scanned tables are not accepted.

Figure 2. This is a figure.


Table 1. Tables should be placed in the main text near the first time they are cited.

Title 1

Title 2

Title 3

entry 1



entry 2


data 1


3.3. Formatting of Mathematical Components

All figures and tables should be cited in the main text as Equation 1.

a = 1,


4. Discussion

Authors should discuss the results and how they can be interpreted from the perspective of previous studies and the working hypotheses. The findings and their implications should be discussed in the broadest context possible. Negative and positive points of the results must be criticized clearly, and future research directions may also be highlighted.

It is possible to merge the “Results” and “Discussion” in one section.

5. Conclusions

The conclusion includes a very brief description of the main achievements in the same order as mentioned in the results and discussion.

Author Contributions

This section is not mandatory but can be added to the manuscript for research articles with several authors. It includes a short paragraph specifying their individual contributions.


In this section, authors can acknowledge any support given which is not covered by the author's contribution section. The acknowledgments include the people, organizations, or donations in kind that support or assist in preparing the research.




The appendix is an optional section that can contain details and data supplemental to the main text. If there is more than one appendix, they should be numbered as A, B, etc.


The references should be listed alphabetically and printed (font 10) at the end of the manuscript. All references in the list should be referred to in the text (and vice versa) using the American Psychological Association (APA) Citation 7th Edition.

The maximum accepted rate of self-citation is 10%. For example, in a manuscript, if the total number of citations is 80, the accepted number must be 8. If the author(s) cited 14 self-citation, 6 of the self-citation reference(s) must be deleted.

For detailed information, consult the Publication Manual of the APA Style website at The bibliography software package Mendeley is recommended.

In-text citations

The in-text citations will be as follows

1 Author

(Abrams, 2018)

2 Authors

(Wegener & Petty, 1994)

3+ Authors

(Harris et al., 2018)

Journal Article

Pereira, P., Baptista, P., Cunha, T., Silva, P. A., Romão, S., & Lafon, V. (2019). Estimation of the nearshore bathymetry from high temporal resolution Sentinel-1A C-band SAR data - A case study. Remote Sensing of Environment, 223, 166–178.


Schmidt, N. A., & Brown, J. M. (2017). Evidence-based practice for nurses: Appraisal and application of research (4th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC.

 Web Page

American Nurses Association. (n.d.). Disaster preparedness

 News Article

Cresell, J., & Kaplan, S. (2019, November 24). How Juul hooked a generation on nicotine. The New York Times.

Reviewing Procedure

Manuscripts presented to the Iraqi Bulletin of Geology and Mining (IBGM) for publication will be checked technically and be sure there is no plagiarism (more than 15%) present. Moreover, it will be checked that the author(s) followed the instructions. The manuscripts will be reviewed by at least two scientific peer reviewers (double-blind). The manuscript would be returned to the corresponding author with the referees’ comments and suggestions to be revised accordingly. The corresponding author should return the amended version with replies to the comments of the reviewers within the specified time by the editor. The revised copy will be checked by a specialized scientific editor to ensure that the revised copy is amended according to the remarks of the referees. Otherwise, it will be returned to the corresponding author unless the corresponding author or to whom he has assigned replies to those comments that were not considered. Then, the editor will make the relevant decision to accept the replies or otherwise.

When both referees recommend the rejection of the manuscript, the authors will be informed by an official letter, giving the reasons.

When a manuscript is accepted for publication, all authors will be informed by an official letter together with a copy of the accepted manuscript for proofreading.

Scientific notes

It should have the same formatting as research papers but without an abstract, and the number of pages should not exceed 5. Scientific notes will be published in the first coming issue after being reviewed by a scientific editor. 

Scientific Replies

Scientific replies can be published in IBGM only when they are concerned with a published article in the bulletin. The concerned author should send the replies to the Editor-in-Chief explaining the reason for his replies, indicating the volume, number of the issue, and title of the concerned article with the author(s) name(s). The replies will be published if the Editor-in-Chief is convinced about the issue.

About the Author (optional)

A brief Bio including affiliations, written works, and other accomplishments with colored personal photos.

You can find a PDF copy of the Author Guidelines here

You can find a PDF copy of the IBGM Template here

You can download a Word copy of the IBGM Template here