Puplication Ethics

Ethics And Publication Malpractice Statement

The Iraqi Bulletin of Geology and Mining is owned and published by the Iraq Geological Survey, which is a research institute of Earth Sciences stationed in Baghdad, Iraq. The management of the bulletin is in the hands of the editorial board, whose members are distinguished scientists from Iraqi and international universities and research institutes.

Iraqi Bulletin of Geology and Mining (IBGM) fully adheres to the Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (2011), available at:
http://publicationethics.org/files/Code_of_conduct_for_journal_editors_Mar11.pdf, recommended by the Committee on Publication Ethics Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The IBGM editorial board adheres to enforcing strict policies to ensure the publication of original, quality papers. In cases where we become aware of ethical issues, we are committed to investigating and taking necessary action to maintain the integrity of the publication and ensure the safety of research participants.

Duties and Responsibilities of Publishers

IBGM is open access, free to publish, read, and download. It does not include any advertisements or direct marketing activities, which will not affect the editorial decision-making. It is the official journal of the Iraq Geological Survey (GEOSURV), Baghdad, Iraq. GEOSURV performs regular monthly electronic backups (including IBGM materials) and preservation of access to the journal content.

IBGM is engaging to ensure that editorial decisions on manuscript submissions are final. The editorial decision on manuscript submissions is only made based on professional judgment and will not be affected by any commercial interests. IBGM is committing to keeping the integrity of academic and research records. It monitors the ethics of the Editor-in-Chiefs, Editorial Board Members, Reviewers, Authors, and Readers. IBGM is always checking the plagiarism and fraudulent data issues involved in the submitted manuscript. It is always willing to publish corrections, clarifications, and retractions involving its publications as and when needed.

IBGM takes responsibility for preventing research misconduct, including but not limited to plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data fabrication. In addition, IBGM and its editorial board will not encourage any intentional misconduct.

Duties and Responsibilities of the Editors

The editors of the IBGM have the full authority to reject/accept a manuscript. The editors of the IBGM must not reveal any information related to a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial consultants, and the publisher, as appropriate. All information about a submitted manuscript must be kept confidential including the anonymity of reviewers. The editor-in-chief has to decide on submitted manuscripts, whether published or not, with other editors and reviewers. The editors of the journal should avoid any conflict of interest. They should maintain academic integrity and strive to reach the needs of readers and authors. Moreover, they should be willing to check for plagiarism in any manuscript and willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed. Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper will not be used by the editors or the members of the editorial board for their own research purposes without the author's explicit written permission. The editor should perform a thorough check and report any concerns on any aspect to the Editorial Board. Checks include plagiarism, duplicate publication, and obtaining necessary permission from the copyright holder to include already-published figures, data, images, and other materials. The editor is responsible for deciding which of the submitted paper(s) should be published in the journal. An Editor will evaluate manuscripts without regard to the author's race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The decision will be based on the papers’ overall quality, significance, originality, clarity, validity, and relevance to the journal's scope. Current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism should be given due consideration.

Duties and Responsibilities of the Reviewers

The role of the reviewer is essential who bears a significant responsibility in ensuring the integrity of the scholarly work. Every reviewer is expected to perform the manuscript evaluation in a timely, transparent, and ethical manner, following the COPE guidelines https://publicationethics.org/files/cope-ethical-guidelines-peer-reviewers-v2_0.pdf. The peer-reviewing process assists the Editor and the editorial board in making editorial decisions and may also serve the author in improving the paper.

The reviewers should provide comments in time, which will assist editors in deciding on the submitted manuscript, whether published or not. The Reviewers' comments against each invited manuscript should be technical, professional, and objective. Any nominated reviewer who feels unqualified to review the manuscript or knows that its prompt review will not be possible should notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.

Any manuscripts, including the abstract, received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the Editor. Reviewers must be careful not to disclose their identity to the authors, either in their comments or in metadata for reports. On the other side, IBGM will not disclose the reviewers' names only with their explicit agreement and after the publication.

Reviewers should identify cases in which relevant published work referred to in the paper has not been cited in the reference section. They should point out whether observations or arguments derived from other publications are accompanied by the respective source(s). Reviewers will notify the Editor(s) of any substantial plagiarism or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.

Duties and Responsibilities of the Authors

Reporting standards

Authors have to submit manuscripts, which have not been published elsewhere and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by or any other publisher. Authors of original research manuscripts should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Manuscripts must be written according to sound grammar and proper terminology. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Authorship of the paper

IBGM confirms that the author(s) can qualify for authorship of a manuscript if they substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; final approval of the version to be published; and agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. The corresponding author ensures that all contributing co-authors and no uninvolved persons are included in the author list. The corresponding author will also verify that all co-authors have approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Data access and retention

Authors could be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the paper for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. Where ethical, legal, or privacy issues are present, data should not be shared. The authors should make any limitations clear in the Data Availability Statement upon submission. Authors should ensure that the data shared are in accordance with consent provided by participants on the use of confidential data. In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least ten years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data center), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.

Citation Policies

Authors should confirm that when material is taken from other sources, the source is clearly cited and that appropriate permission is obtained. They will submit their entire original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or works of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited. Authors should not engage in excessive self-citation of their own work. Authors should not preferentially cite their own or their friends’, peers’, or institution’s publications. They should not copy references from other publications if they have not read the cited work.

Changes to Authorship

After submitting the manuscript to the journal, any change to the authors' list must be made before manuscript acceptance and during the editorial process. Any change (i.e., adding, removing, or rearranging) of author names will require submitting a request approved by all authors, including any author that will be removed (in case of removal). If there is any change in the authors' list, the authors must send a completed authorship change request to the journal. This request must include the signatures of all authors and provide a reason for the change.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works

When an author finds a significant error or inaccuracy after publication, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the Editorial Office and to cooperate with the Editor to retract or correct the paper in the form of an erratum.


IGMB will not accept plagiarism in its journal. Plagiarism includes copying text, ideas, images, or data from another source, even from the own authors’ publications, without giving credit to the original source. The text that is copied from another source must be between quotation marks and must be cited. The authors should minimize and properly cite the sentences from other papers.

All manuscripts under review or published with IBGM are subject to screening using plagiarism-checking software called Ithenticate, known in the academic community as a provider of Turnitin. Plagiarism is a serious violation of publication ethics. For a searchable list of all journals in the CrossCheck database, please visit www.ithenticate.com.

All manuscript submissions to IBGM are automatically screened using CrossCheck within the editorial system. The development of CrossCheck is a service that helps editors to verify the originality of papers. Moreover, editorial board members can check for plagiarism in any manuscript at any other point during the review process. The subject knowledge of an editorial expert is vital to interpreting the CrossCheck report and determining whether there are any grounds for concern. Papers with high similarity (more than 15%) indices will be rejected. This also applies to former papers by the same and to research papers or theses of students that the author(s) had supervised.

Complaints and appeals

Authors can appeal a rejection by sending an e-mail to the Editorial Office of the IBGM. The appeal must be a report that includes a detailed justification, including point-by-point responses to the reviewers' and/or Editor's comments. Appeals can only be submitted after the final decision and within three months from the decision date via the IBGM email. An appeal that does not meet these criteria will not be considered further. The technical editor will forward the manuscript and all related information to the Editor-In-Chief. The Editor-In-Chief will ask two editorial board members to provide a recommendation on the manuscript and may recommend acceptance, further peer review, or rejection. This decision will then be confirmed by the Editor-In-Chief. A reject decision at this stage is final and cannot be reversed.