Ethical Responsibilities of Authors

The Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board are responsible for the quality of the articles published in the bulletin. However, the ethical responsibility for the contents of every published article remains with the author(s) who should commit to the ethical principles of research while conducting studies and compiling articles and reports. Our journal is committed to confirm the integrity of the scientific record. As part of the efforts to be a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct. Authors should avoid deviate research results which could damage the trust in the journal. The integrity and presentation of the research can be achieved by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include:

• The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal simultaneously.
• The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling “self-plagiarism”).
• A single study is not split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time.
• No data have been manipulated or fabricated (including images) to support your findings.
• No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Quotation marks should be used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions are secured for material that is copyrighted.

Note: the journal uses software to check plagiarism.

• Permission to submit has been received explicitly from all co-authors and from the responsible authorities (inclusively or explicitly) at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted.
• If the authors are affiliated to more than one institute/organization, the authors should declare that they have no conflict of interest.
• Authors whose names appear on the submission share collective responsibility and accountability for the results.
• Changes of authorship, order of authors, adding or deleting authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.
• Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in the form of confidential proprietary data is excluded.

In case of suspicion of misconduct, the journal will carry out an investigation following the COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, the allegation seems to raise valid concerns, the accused author will be contacted and given an opportunity to address the issue. If misconduct has been confirmed, the Editor-in-Chief will implement the following measures, including, but not limited to:

• If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
• If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction, either an erratum will be placed with the article or in severe cases complete retraction of the article will occur. Retraction is provided in a note linked to the watermarked article.
• The author’s institution may be informed.